Peru has a variety of ecosystems, allowing the habitat of a number inmuerable flora and fauna, therefore, also has beautiful natural places. The Peruvian Amazon is Puerto Maldonado, capital of the Province of Madre de Dios, also known as the “biodiversity capital of Peru”, is the main commercial hub of the Amazon.
Travel to Puerto Maldonado is ideal for eco-tourism or ecotourism, an activity that has been recording new boom, becoming the fastest growing segment and the most dynamic in the world. This city has a hot, humid weather, with heavy rains between the months of November to March and in the Amazon. The beauty of its biodiversity makes Puerto Maldonado is visited by tourists who love nature.
Access to this city is from Cuzco, air flight 30 minutes so it could take time to visit the center of the city of Cuzco and nearby tourist sites, Ollantaytambo, Pisac and Machu Picchu, one of the wonders of the world. In this way, enjoy the Peruvian Amazon, one of the richest in flora and fauna, and the capital of ancient America, Cuzco, with its enigmatic citadel of Machu Picchu.
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This construction is shaped like a semi-circle and built on solid rock, an existing granite block shaped to blend with the natural curves, with a diameter of 10.50 meters. It is composed of highly polished polyhedrons. There are two trapezoidal windows in this building with protruding knobs at every comer, and on the north side there is a carefully-sculpted door with bored holes in the doorjamb, very similar to the Qoricancha temple in Cusco. The Spanish historians relate there were once gold and precious jewels encrusted in the door. To the West of the temple there is a rectangular patio with nine ceremonial doorways alternating with prism-shaped studs.
This stone is located on a hill made up of several terraces. The visitor can gain access to the stone via 78 well-crafted steps. At the end of the staircase one enters an open patio with walls equally well-sculpted, and where one can see an upper platform where there is a granite rock sculpted into three steps. In the central part one can see a rectangular prism that is 36cm high and which is pointing from North-West to South-East.
The Machupicchu archaeological complex is located in the department of Cusco, in the Urubamba province and district of Machupicchu. It is perched on the eastern slopes of the Vilcanota mountain range, a chain of mountains curtailed by the Apurimac and Urubamba Rivers. At latitude 13º7′ South and longitude 72035′ West of the Greenwich Meridian, Machupicchu is located at a height of 2,350 meters above sea level (main square).
CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT
It is located in a subtropical zone, or dense wood, the reason why the climate is mild, warm and damp, with an average year-round temperature of 130C during the day. One can perceive two distinct seasons during the year: the rainy season from November to March, which is a time of heavy rains. Visitors are advised to dress accordingly during this season. The dry season from April to October brings on higher temperatures.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Both are abundant and varied. Typical plant life in the historic reserve of Machupicchu includes pisonayes, q’eofias, alisos, puya palm trees, ferns and more than 90 species of orchids.
The fauna in the reserve includes the spectacled bear, cock-of-the-rocks or “tunqui”, tankas, wildcats and an impressive variety of butterflies and insects unique in the region.
The lie of the land, the natural surroundings and the strategic location of Machupicchu lend this monument a fusion of beauty, harmony and balance between the work of the ancient Peruvians and the whims of nature.
The so-called Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is the spectacular and ancient road the Incas took to get to the citadel of Machu Picchu. It is 38/40 kilometers long and during the journey, many different points of archaeological interest may be visited: Patallacta, Runkuraqay, Sayaqmarca, Phuyupatamarca, Wiñay Huayna, Intipata, Killapata and Chaskapata, are some of them, aside from Machu Picchu itself.
This trail is normally covered in a four-day-long walk through valleys, woods, passes and Andean gullies. It is the best known trekking route in America. The official point of departure of the Inca Trail is “Kilometer 88” on the railroad track linking Cusco with Quillabamba. This point can be reached by train or private transportation.